Capsicum chinense (meaning "from China", a misnomer, as they originated in the Amazon. This species includes some of the world's hottest peppers. Peppers in this species come in a wide variety of colors, and often have distinctive tropical flavors. They are characterized by multiple flowers per node, typically have an annular constriction where the pedicel meets the fruit, and crinkled leaves. Most peppers in this species are extremely hot (one notable exception to this rule is Aji Dulce, which has the habanero flavor but with little or no heat!) The flowers are typically small and white, with a fruity scent. While quite hot, these peppers can also show some of the greatest variance in heat levels based on environmental growing conditions and other factors (sometimes even between different peppers of the same plant!)

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Capsicum Chinense